Monday, October 21, 2019

Clear Precedent of Egyptian Substitution Cipher or Some Kind of Pairing Mechanism

I intend to find out if there is a substitution cipher in the KEP, or some other kind of pairing mechanism that is similar, with the precedent of the Tomb of Khnumhotep II from 1900 BC.


Here we have a substitution cipher key put together by Egyptologists where the items on the left are given as equivalents for the ones on the right.

"The most ancient text with elements of cryptography was found in the tomb of the ancient Egyptian grandee Khnumhotep II, the hereditary prince and nomarch of Menat-Khufu, who lived almost 4,000 years ago. Somewhere around 1900 BC The clerk of Khnumhotep described the life of his master in his tomb. Among the hieroglyphs, he used several unusual characters that hide the direct meaning of the text. This encryption method is actually a substitution cipher, when elements of the source text are replaced by other elements according to certain rules." (

"In one particular section of the inscription, written in hieroglyphics, a master scribe replaced the usual hieroglyphic symbols with new, seemingly nonsensical ones. This act rendered important passages of Khnumhotep's inscription unintelligible except to those who knew what substitution the scribe had made. This is an example of encoding in which an “idea” is substituted for another “idea,” and the use of a key needed for interpretation. We do not really know why the substitution was performed, but one can surmise that it was a protective mechanism." (

It remains my conviction that there is something of a structure like a pairing mechanism in the KEP.  A substitution cipher is one of the applications of a pairing mechanism, or in other words, one of the applications of such a thing.

The difference with what is in the KEP and a regular substitution cipher is that a substitution cipher or a cipher of any kind, is that the word cipher implies that there is an intent where something is hidden or encrypted.  The type of intent put forth with a word like a "cipher" is imprecise or not descriptive of what I am trying to get at here as an analogy.  Because there is not an intent like that.  In the KEP, or in the Facsimiles of the Book of Abraham and their Explanations, there is nothing hidden, nothing that is trying to be protected from view.  It is all out in the open.  That is a big difference between what is usually thought of as a substution cipher, because everything in the KEP and Facsimiles are out in the open.  A map legend is a better analogy, alhtough this is not a map legend either.   All of these things that I have said are analogies to what I'm trying to say is in the KEP, and some people have taken me too literaly at times, when I was struggling for words that describe what I'm trying to get at.

So, what I'm really trying to say is, there is something of that type of structure with symbol and item that is paired with the symbol, not that anything is hidden.  So, when I likened my theory to William Schryver's 19th Century cipher mechanism, I was making an analogy to it, not saying that my theory is precisely of a cipher where things are hidden or protected from view.

And what is called "Grammar" in the term "Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar" has nothing to with Grammar of the Egyptian language in general, but instead refers to what these quotations above refer to.

What is referred to as a "protective mechanism" would only be such a thing when it was performed to hide something like in the case of a cipher.  When it wasn't done for that kind of intent, it becomes something different, only for the sake of artwork in a pairing, instead of to protect something.  And the above quotes say that it was used that was done "according to certain rules."  In other words, rules in this case refer to rules of handling the symbology.  Most people think that Grammar refers to something where there are rules of governing of sentence structure of conventional Egyptian language the way Anti-Mormon critics interpret it.

In the case of the KEP, or other ancient pairing mechanisms, the word Grammar, in this case, refers more to something along the lines of rules of decipherment, or rules of art interpretation (language arts, such as constrained writing).  Constrained writing with poetry means something along the lines that what you write has to adhere to a pre-defined structure.  And what is in the KEP is more along the lines of doing artwork or poetry with words, where there is a poetic or structural device that exists between the symbol and the English text that goes along with it.