Sunday, April 6, 2014

The "Egyptian" Counting Vocalizations in the Kirtland Egyptian Papers, Part Two: The Sino-Tibetan Ni form for Two

Again, here are the vocalizations/pronunciations for the numerals in the Kirtland Egyptian Papers or Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar (EAG):

1 = Eh
2 = Ni
3 = Ze
4 = Teh
5 = Veh
6 = Psi
7 = Psa
8 = A
9 = Na
10 = Ta

We will start out looking at some specifics to find certain patterns.  In the previous post, we had identified Japanese as a language that had the vocalization of Ni as being EXACTLY as in the Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar.  This may seem strange at first.  But now we will do a broad search for instances of the number two as Ni.  A good place to start is the language families related to Japanese.  I am a martial artist, and though I do not speak Japanese, I have a lot to do with Japanese.  I have known how to count in Japanese for a very long time.

A great tool that I have found is the following website:  http://www.zompist.com/numbers.shtml
This site has the basic numerals, 1 to 10 in over 5000 languages in tables by family.  There are actually four versions of Japanese numerals.  The first one is the native Japanese.  The second is the Ainu (i.e. the earliest inhabitants of Japan that seem to have some genetic relations to Native Americans).  The third is the Okinawan Hogan numerals.  And the fourth is the Chinese-influenced numerals in the Japanese language.  It is specifically this Chinese-influenced set of numerals that the numeral Ni comes from.  This is from the Sino-Tibetan family of numerals.  Now we will document how many languages in this language family that the form Ni appears in.  And then we will move on to a different part of our study in a different post.  But the point is, this demonstrates a widespread existence of an ancient form of the number two as a Ni form, throughout significant portions of Asia.  This will relate specifically to the counting vocalizations in the Kirtland Egyptian Papers, as you will see, in the next post in this series.  However, at this point, this is part of our broad-based study of pronunciations for cognates.  In the next post, the geographic area that these cognates are found in will take on more significance.

This will become more significant as we go on because of the family that we will identify that the numerals in the EAG belongs to in the next post.

Now for the Ni forms of the number two in the Sino-Tibetan language family.

** Sino-Tibetan Languages (http://www.zompist.com/sino.htm)
I -- Sinitic (Chinese)

(A) proto-Chinese -- *'nejs.?
(B) Old chinese -- *njis
(C) Middle Chinese+ -- nyì
(D) (Karlgren) -- ñzhi6
(E) Suzhou -- ñi
(F) Wenzhou -- ng
(G) Toishan -- ngei
(H) N. MinJianou -- ni

II -- Tibeto- Burman

(A) Proto-TB+ (Benedict) -- *g-nis
(B) Proto-TB+ (Dempsey) -- k.nis
(C) Sulung -- nyi
(D) Sherdukpen -- nyik
(E) Pho -- ni 11
(G) Taungthu (Pa-o)-- ni

III -- Newari-Pahri

(A) Newari -- ni-gu
(B) Pahri -- nisi

IV --Dhimal-Toto

(A) Dhimal -- ngai
(B) Toto -- ne:

V --Adi-Nishi

(A) Lepcha -- 'ñi?
(B) Nishi -- enyi
(C) Dafla (Tagen) -- a:-ñi
(D) Apatani -- ni~
(E) Yano -- anyi
(F) Lho-pa (Bokar Adi) -- ani~

VI -- Bodic

(A) Monpa N -- naj
(B) S -- naj
(C) Takpa -- nai
(D) Kaike -- nghyi
(E) Ghale -- ni
(F) Murmi (Tamang) -- ngi:
(G) Gurung -- hni:
(H) Thakali -- ngih
(I) Classical Tibetan+ -- gñis
(J) Tibetan (Bhotia) -- nyee
(K) Ladakhi -- ñis
(L) Dzongkha (Bhutanese) -- ni
(M) Sherpa -- ngyi
(N) Stod Bothi -- ñi
(O) Zhang-zhung+ -- ni
(P) West Tibetan (Balti) -- ñi:s

VII --Central Himalayan

(A) Magari -- nis
(B) Raji -- nhi

VIII-- West Himalayan

(A) Bunan (Gahri) -- nis
(B) Thebor -- nis'-i
(C) Kanashi -- ñish
(D) Chitkuli -- nisi
(E) Kanauri -- nish
(F) Rangloi (Tinani) -- ngizi
(G) Rangkas -- nisi:
(H) Darmiya -- nishu
(I) Chaudangsi -- nisi
(J) Byangsi -- nishi
(K) Thami -- nis
(L) Bhramu -- ni

IX-- East Himalayan

(A) Thulung -- ne
(B) Tangut+ (Sihia) -- niN
(C) N Qiang Taoping -- nyi
(D) Mawo -- ghne
(E) Dzorgai -- nié
(F) Kortse -- niu
(G) Ergong -- wne
(H) Queyu -- ñí
(I) Zhaba-- né
(J) S Qiang -- ñí
(K) Ersu -- né
(L) Lyusu -- né
(M) Guiqiong -- ñî
(N) Muya -- ní
(O) Pumi -- ni
(P) Shixing -- ñe:
(Q) Namuyi -- ñi
(R) Tripuri (Kok Borok) -- nij
(S) Chutiya (Deori) -- hni
(T) Bodo -- nè
(U) Dimasa -- g-ni
(V) Chang -- ñi?
(W) Wancho -- ani
(X) Phom -- nyi

X -- Burmic

(A) Meithei -- oni:
(B) Mikir -- ni:
(C) Thado -- ní
(D) Kamhau -- nih
(E) Paite (Vuite) -- nih
(F) Siyin -- ni:
(G) Zo (Zome) -- ni
(H) Tarao -- ni
(I) Sho -- ni
(J) Thayetmo -- hni
(K) Chinbok (Mün) -- hni
(L) Yawdin -- hni
(M) Rawang -- n'i
(N) Metu -- ni
(O) Tamalu -- n'i
(P) Tukiumu -- n'i
(Q) W Nakhi (Moso) -- ñì
(R) E Nakhi -- ñi
(S) Ulu -- n'i
(T) Yi (Lolo) -- nyì
(U) Ahi -- nio
(V) Lolopho -- nio
(W) Mpi -- ñi2
(X) Hwethom -- ni1
(Y) Akha -- nyî
(Z) Lahu -- nî
(AA) Lahu Xi -- ñì
(BB) Menia -- nyi

*** Japanese

(A) Sino-Japanese -- ni